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The Importance of Proper Ear Cleaning in Pets

Keeping pets’ ears clean contribute to their health and wellness by preventing irritation and infection that can be painful and potentially lead to hearing loss. Ear disease is one of the most common conditions in pets. The medical name for inflammation or infection of the outer ear canal is otitis externa. Otitis externa is estimated to affect 20% of dogs and 7% of cats in the United States. In 2007, Veterinary Pet Insurance reported that treatment for ear infections ranked as the number one medical claim made for dogs and number eight for cats.

Why do pets get so many ear infections?

Pets are prone to otitis externa due to the long length and L-shape of their ear canals. Debris and bacteria love to collect at the corner of the L and with the naturally warm and sometimes moist environment of the ears, it becomes the perfect environment for infection.

Dogs that are most prone to ear infection include floppy or long-eared breeds (Cocker Spaniels, retrievers, basset hounds, etc) because the long ears hang over the ear canal entrance and prevent the canals from drying out. Dogs that swim and get water into their ears and pets with over-production of wax or hair growth deep in their ear canals are also at increased risk. Ear infection can also result from underlying conditions such as skin allergies and hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism.

Other conditions that can affect pets’ ears and mimic infection include ear mites, foreign bodies (especially plant material) and ear tumors.

What are signs that your pet may have an ear infection?

Signs of ear problems include:

  • Scratching or rubbing of the ears and/or head
  • Head shaking or tilting the head to one side
  • Pain around the ears—your pet may shy away from you petting his or her head
  • Odor or discharge from the ears
  • Redness or swelling of the ear flap or the ear canal
  • Changes in behavior—ear infections are painful and many pets will become snappy or irritable

If you witness any of these signs in your pet, see your veterinarian for a thorough ear examination to determine the cause of the problem. If infections are left untreated, they can lead to hearing loss or extend into the inner ear and become life threatening.

Cleaning your pets’ ears

Due to the ear canal shape and the lack of an agile thumb and forefinger to use a Q-Tip, the ears are very difficult for pets to clean themselves! They rely on us to examine and clean their ears to help prevent painful ear disease.

Natural pet products, such as Herbal Ear Wash, are best to help naturally and gently dissolve wax and debris. Herbal Ear Wash is gentle enough to use weekly and does not sting.

Directions for ear cleaning:

1. Place a good amount of ear wash into the ear canal.
2. Massage the base of the ear for 30 seconds to soften and release any wax or debris.
3. Allow your pet to shake his or her head to further loosen the debris.
4. Wipe out the loose debris and excess fluid with a cotton ball.
5. Repeat steps 1-4 as needed until all debris is removed.
6. Praise your pet and offer a healthy natural treat when you are finished!

If cotton-tipped applicator swabs are used, they should NEVER be put into the ear canal. Misplaced swabs can rupture the ear drum as well as pack debris farther down into the ear canal, rather than removing it. For a video demonstration of ear cleaning, please visit PetEducation.com.

Preventing Ear Disease

Remember, prevention of ear infections is the best “medicine!” It is recommended that pet owners examine and clean their pets’ ears once weekly with a natural pet product as described above.

If you have a long-eared pet, use a hair band or soft cloth to tie the ears above the head to allow complete drying of the ear canals after ear cleaning, bathing or swimming. Excess hair around and inside the ear should be removed to allow for better air flow and prevention of infection. It is also recommended to treat any underlying condition (such as allergies or hypothyroidism) that predisposes your pet to ear problems.

A small amount of ear wax buildup is normal for your pet. If there is a bad odor from the ears, the ear canals look abnormal, or your pet shows discomfort during routine weekly ear cleaning, see your veterinarian promptly to avoid long term painful ear problems.

Source: Halopets

5 Awesome Dog-Friendly Hotels

These dog-friendly hotels not only cater to your pup, they roll out the red carpet!

Struggling to find vacation spots that are truly dog-friendly? Melissa Halliburton, the editor of “Ruff Guide to the United States” and the owner of the dog travel directory BringFido, struggled to find dog-friendly hotels when traveling cross-country, as many hotels lacked pet policy information.

When choosing a vacation destination now, Halliburton looks for what she calls the “trifecta of pet friendliness … great place to stay, play and eat,” with plenty of options for her dogs. “I always look for destinations that offer a variety of attractions and outdoor dining establishments,” says Halliburton.

Brad Waggoner, a dog trainer and the owner of Cold Nose College, looks for hotels with grass commons, complimentary waste bags and receptacles and lower pet fees. Waggoner prefers to stay in dog-friendly hotels even when not traveling with his pups. “I want to reward those facilities who are open to having pets,” he says.

This list of five awesome dog-friendly hotels takes traveling in style to a new level. Not only do these hotels allow you and your pooch to stay comfortably, they’ve also created a five-star experience for your dog:

  1. Fairmont (Washington, D.C.)
    Your dog will be greeted with a healthy treat, prepared by an executive pastry chef, as well as bottled water and a place mat. If you opt for the”It’s a Dog’s World Package,” five percent of your room rate will be donated to the Washington Animal Rescue League. Pets stay at no additional charge.

    You can get a special sign for your door — the green paw means, “Please service room, animal companion exploring city.” If you flip it to the side with the red paw, it means, “Do not disturb, animal companion napping,” and Spot can slumber on.

  2. Hotel Burnham (Chicago)
    On first sight, Hotel Burnham seems too good to be true, boasting a pet-friendly policy with no size or weight restrictions and no additional charge. When you look at the details, Hotel Burnham just gets better! Your dog will be given a treat at check-in, and your room will be outfitted with a dog bed, food and water bowls with a dining mat.

    Yes, turndown service is available for your pooch, and if you’ve forgotten any pet care products, Hotel Burnham offers a range of pet travel essentials. Dog walking and sitting services can be arranged through the concierge.

  3. Hotel Monaco (Philadelphia)
    Hotel Monaco boasts a resident director of pet relations, a Yorkie/silky terrier mix named Mr. Hershey Diego, who greets guests at check-in and tests all pet amenities to make sure your dog has the best stay. Your dog receives his own bed, food and water bowls, plus a leash and waste bags for walks downtown. A concierge is on staff to assist with booking pet sitting, walking and grooming services.
  4. Loews Coronado Bay Resort (San Diego)
    One of Halliburton’s top four hotel stays, Loews Coronado Bay hosts a surf dog competition with Unleashed by Petco. Fun activities are just one of the many amenities Loews Coronado Bay offers dogs, part of their Loews Loves Pets program. Your dog receives a welcome package, including treats, a name tag and bowls. Your dog will settle in nicely, with his own bed and a room service pet menu (yes, pet room service!). Loews Coronado Bay will also assist you in locating dog walking routes, pet sitting or walking services and area pet-friendly restaurants.
  5. The Driskill (Austin)
    Texas hospitality extends to your dog at The Driskill in Austin, Texas! The Driskill offers a Pampered Pet Program, where your dog will be treated to his own bed, bowls, place mat, bottled water and gourmet treats. Guests venturing out with dogs are provided recycled waste bags and a pet map of Austin, featuring dog-friendly spots.

Before You Travel
Two additional tips Waggoner offers is that pet owners should travel with their pet’s vaccination records and should have their cell phone number printed on the dog’s tag. “A home phone is no help if you and your pet are separated and you’re traveling!” he points out.

Waggoner suggests you ask yourself if your dog is ready to travel and is comfortable meeting new people and exploring new places. If not, Waggoner says that it may be better — for both you and your dog — to leave him at home. But if everyone’s ready, by the end of your trip, you’ll be jealous of your pooch’s special treatment!

Source: Care.com

12 Do’s and Don’ts for Flying With a Dog

What to do and what not to do for a happy and safe flight with your furry pal

You want Rover to accompany you on the vacation but aren’t sure how he’ll handle the flight. Dogs thrive on routine and breaking from it can put even the most laid back pooch on edge. Here are some do’s and don’ts for flying with a dog.

DO

  1. Check for Pet-Friendly Airports
    Airports now offer pet services like designated animal relief areas at Detroit Metropolitan Airport and Boston’s Logan International Airport, according to Pet Friendly Travel. Use them to your advantage when you travel.
  2. Decide How Your Pooch Will Fly
    Depending on your dog’s size, she can fly as carry-on (in a carrier you take on board with you) or as checked baggage (in a crate that you hand over when you check in, to be put in the cargo hold of the plane). Opt for a window seat to separate your pup from the commotion of the cabin. Sitting toward the front or back of the plane separates you from other passengers, so you’re less likely to cause a disturbance.
  3. Choose Travel Days Carefully
    Some airlines, such as American Airlines, won’t carry animals if the ground temperature exceeds 85 degrees Fahrenheit or drops below 45 degrees Fahrenheit along the route. Avoid flying with a dog on holidays, when airports are busy and personnel is overwhelmed.

    Instead, plan your trip during the off season and fly on a Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday. “Those are lighter travel days, and the less airline employees have on their plate, the more they’re going to be focused on your pet and keeping it safe,” says Susan H. Smith, the president of Pet Travel.

  4. Prepare Your Dog for the Flight
    The sooner you start, the better. Leave the crate open and invite your dog to explore it, offering plenty of rewards when he does. Use the crate to transport your dog to his favorite places so he associates it with something fun.
  5. Microchip Your Pup
    A microchip is a tiny tracking chip your veterinarian will insert under your dog’s skin. If you’re traveling internationally, most countries require it. Even if you’re not, microchipping is the smart way to make sure you and your dog are reunited should anything happen. Just make sure to register your dog’s chip information.
  6. Tell the Airline
    Airlines limit the number of pets both on board and in the hold. If Rover doesn’t have a reservation, you may not be flying with him after all.
  7. Use Medication Wisely
    A light sedative or motion sickness medication could take the edge off for pets who don’t travel well. Always check with your veterinarian before giving your dog any medication, and try them at home first.
  8. Remind the Flight Crew
    They can check to make sure your dog was boarded and “notify the pilots just to be sure the message was passed along that their furry friend is below,” says Meghan Hemingway, a flight attendant for a major airline and an editor at The Flight Attendant Life. The pilots can then double check the correct temperature is set in the cargo hold.

DON’T

  1. Use the Wrong Crate
    Your dog must be in a crate. Each airline has its own requirements, so check with yours to find out what you need. For carry-on canines, Smith recommends a soft-sided carrier that compresses to fit under the seat in front of you.

    Cargo-bound pooches need a hard plastic crate with the top and bottom bolted together and the door tied shut with a cable. Also, ensure that your crate is still in good shape — that all the latches, handles, and doors are working.

  2. Forget Fido’s Paperwork
    Your dog will need a health certificate from your veterinarian to leave the country or fly in the cargo hold. You may also have to show vaccination records.
  3. Let Your Dog Out of the Crate
    Besides being against airline rules, it could result in a lost or hurt animal, not to mention angry fellow passengers.
  4. Let Your Dog Get Dehydrated
    Flying and dehydration go hand in hand, so make sure your dog has plenty to drink. Offer him ice cubes through the slots in his crate throughout the flight. For dogs in the hold, freeze water in their attachment bowls prior to the flight so it can gradually thaw without spilling.

While you know fun times await you at your destination, your dog doesn’t. The more you do to take the stress out of flying, the easier it’ll be for Rover sit back, relax and enjoy the flight.

Source: Care.com

Thunderstorm Phobia in Dogs

This is the season to be miserable for certain anxious dogs who are terrified by the unwelcome arrival of summer thunderstorms, complete with lightning, the rumbling or sharp cracking sound of thunder itself, heralded and accompanied by darkening skies, gusting winds and heavy rain. Before and during the storm there may be other cues that dogs can detect and associate with the storm, such as changes in barometric pressure, static electric field and, possibly, even ionized particles in the air. Either way, this whole gestalt of the thunderstorm experience strikes pure terror into the hearts of certain dogs.

Certain types and breeds of dogs seem more prone to thunderstorm phobia. The typical storm phobic dog is largish in size, weighs more than fifty pounds, and has a dense coat. Herding breeds and their crosses are overrepresented in this troubling condition.

Clinical signs range from clinginess, hiding, panting, pacing, whining, and shaking in sheer terror. In extreme cases, dogs exposed to a raging thunderstorm in their owner’s absence will destroy things in frantic attempts to escape from the home. Some dogs succeed in breaking through fly screens, may leap to “safety” from a second or third story window and, if unhurt by the fall, will run for miles, often into the next town to be rounded up by animal control. When owners are asked when their dog first developed fear of thunderstorms they report seeing signs before their dog is a year old but the condition often acutely worsens dramatically between five and nine years of age. It is at this stage that owners seek help from a veterinarian or a behaviorist. The sudden exacerbation of storm phobia mid-like often occurs during a particularly violent storm.

Years ago, I saw three German shepherds one after the other with severe thunderstorm phobia all of whom sought sanctuary by jumping into a sink or hand washing basin. Soon after, I encountered other dogs who took refuge in the bath, shower pedestal, Jacuzzi, behind the toilet tank – and one dog sought out a kiddy play pool where it would stand up to its ankles in water during storms. It occurred to me that all these places are electrical “grounds” and would prevent the buildup of static electricity in the dog’s coat. My “static electrical theory” of thunderstorm phobia was born. As some confirmation of this theory, I had several owners report that they got static shocks from their dog when they touched it during a storm. It wasn’t so much that being charged with static electricity during storms that was aversive – I conjectured – but that if the statically charged dogs touched some metal object (with their nose perhaps), they would receive a painful electrical jolt to confirm that storms were not only scary but also that they bite! This would account for the sudden exacerbation of storm phobia mid-life as well as dog’s ability to detect storms well before they arrive (static fields change before and during a storm).

The static theory may not apply to all dogs with thunderstorm phobia, however, as only fifty percent of the dogs in our study manifested what I came to refer to as bathroom seeking behavior. The remaining dogs may have had just plain noise phobia.

Thunderstorm phobia is not easy to treat behaviorally as the standard method of dealing with fears, that is, systematic desensitization along with counterconditioning, does not seem to work for thunderstorm phobia. While there are numerous CD’s available on the market for such desensitization, it is something of a fool’s errand to even try this approach as it is so unsuccessful. The reason for this lack of success is probably the multi-faced nature of storms — thunderstorms do not simply deliver a scary loud noise but have all the other features of thunderstorms referred to above.

Here is what you can do to help a dog who is terrified of storms.

  • Prevent or attenuate exposure to the full brunt of the storm. This may be difficult in some living situations but others are set up for it. The ideal situation would be to convert a semi-subterranean finished basement into a thunderstorm bunker in which the dog’s exposure to all the elements of the storm is minimized. This idea is similar in concept to that of a tornado bunker in the tornado belt of the Midwest. The safe place is prepared by blocking off all windows so that there is nothing to see outside that can terrify the dog. The safe place should be lit with bright lights to minimize the sight of any stray lightning flashes around the edge of curtains or cardboard insets in the windows. Also, the safe place should be bathed in soothing music to cause relaxation and to act as white noise to drown out faint sounds of thunder. The area should be equipped with food, water, toys, a dog bed, and initially the owner should take the dog to the safe place at the onset of a storm and engage in some fun activities – like clicker training – with their dog. Yes, initially the dog must be trained to go to the safe place but in time will learn that this – and not the sink or bath – provide the best protection.
  • Anti-static storm wear – There are several proprietary jackets that dogs can be fitted with during storms to help reduce the aversive nature of the experience. Two of them work through pressure, specifically the Anxiety Wrap® and Thunder Shirt®. They may provide some comfort but, in my view, the Storm Defender®, works best and we have some evidence to support this view. Storm Defender® is a little different from the other jackets in that, as well as providing controlled pressure, it has an anti-static lining and prevents the buildup of static electricity in the dog’s coat. In one study we conducted, Storm Defender® reduced signs of thunderstorm phobia by seventy percent.
  • Medication – Although we don’t take medicating dogs lightly, this is often the only thing that can be done to assuage the extreme anxiety of seriously affected dogs. Typically Prozac®, or a related drug, is used as background therapy on a daily basis to stabilize the dog’s mood and build confidence. Secondly, an “as needed” medication in the form of a Valium-like drug, such as Xanax® (anti-anxiety medication) or clonidine (which attenuates the fear response) are the ones we recommend. Both these medications must be given an hour or two before a storm arrives, which means that owners must pay attention to the weather forecast or sign up for storm warnings on their cell phone so that they know when to give these medications. Using a combination approach like this — in one largish study — thirty-two out of thirty-two dogs showed improvement in all manifestations of thunderstorm phobia and two were considered cured. By the way, don’t try this at home … always seek you veterinarians advice before giving your dog any prescription medication.

A very difficult situation occurs when thunderstorm phobia and separation anxiety co-exist. Unfortunately, this situation prevails in about forty percent of dogs with thunderstorm phobia. In such dogs, they may just about be able to hold things together during a storm when their owner is present but things are much worse when a storm occurs in the owner’s absence. These are the dogs who destroy property; the ones who jump out of windows and run for miles. In such dogs it is important to address separation anxiety and thunderstorm phobia simultaneously for improvement to be made. It probably preferable not to leave such dogs home alone during storms unless absolutely unavoidable. When storms are forecast, such dogs should preferably be boarded with a friend or relative, perhaps one with a dog because this is one condition in which the presence of another dog has a beneficial effect. Owners can also make use of boarding kennels, the vet’s office, or even bring their dog to work, anything rather than leave it alone during a storm. A combination of treatment of thunderstorm phobia and avoidance can together can work to produce a livable situation and make these phobia dogs’ lives easier. “Where there’s a light, there’s a way,” it is said, but where there’s lightning (and thunder) there are dogs who desperately need our help and support. Severe cases may be turned into shelters by unwitting owners who don’t realize that something can be done to help their terrified pet and prevent occasional serious damage to their home. Rest assured that it is now possible to successfully manage thunderstorm phobia in the vast majority of cases. Just come and see us if anyone tells you otherwise!

Source: Halopets (@image)

Improving Your Pet’s Health: How to Eliminate Pet Obesity

Obesity is not just a growing problem for Americans—it’s a problem for our pets. As our lifestyles become more sedentary, is it any surprise that veterinarians report that nearly half of their canine patients are overweight?

What can we do to help our pets?

The first step is admitting that there’s a problem. Of course, our fat cats and dogs are cute, cuddly and adorable. But is the extra weight worth the risk? Obesity is associated with canine and feline diabetes, arthritis, heart and lung disease, and other disorders. So what can we do to take our pet’s health more seriously?

Talk to your veterinarian. Get your pet a full, medical checkup. Ask about current and ideal body weight, and body condition. Our pets spend a lot of time resting. The calories they eat need to match the calories they burn. Talk to your vet about safe ways to maintain a healthy weight for your pet. (Cats, for example, can develop a serious liver disorder from dramatic fasting, so be sure to review your plan with your veterinarian.)

Feed your pet differently. What type of diet is best for your pet? Commercial cat food is often high in carbohydrates, wreaking havoc on our kitties’ blood sugar levels and digestive systems. Halo® holistic cat food is meat based and specifically designed for optimal feline health. Healthy dog food from Halo can help to keep your pooch strong and lean. And watch the portions when you feed your pet: Two to four small portions a day is ideal.

Exercise your pet! Walk the dog. The workout is as good for him or her as it is for you. It’s a bit harder to nudge your cat into activities, but an interactive cat toy or a laser-pointer session could do the trick!

Source: Halopets

Pet Insurance – is it really worth it

YES!

Every day, people are taken aback at the cost of veterinary care for their pets. It is heart-breaking that some pets are unable to receive veterinary care due to their owner’s financial limitations. In 2007, the U.S. Pet Ownership and Demographics Sourcebook reported that the average annual veterinary expenditure was $356 for dogs and $190 for cats. While new and advanced veterinary treatments are more likely to return a sick or injured pet to its family, there may be significant costs incurred. This is especially true if specialized testing or ongoing medical care is required.

Many people purchase pet insurance in the event of injury or accidents involving their pets. While this seems logical and responsible, the chances you will need pet insurance for a catastrophic accident is not as likely as needing it for a basic ear infection. According to recent CNBC reporting, Veterinary Pet Insurance (VPI), the oldest and largest provider of US pet insurance, analyzed their 2007 claims and noted that the following top 10 dog and cat diseases accounted for 25% of all medical claims:

Rank Dog Diseases Cat Diseases
1 Ear Infection Urinary Tract Infections
2 Skin Allergy Gastritis and Vomiting
3 Pyoderma and Hot Spots Chronic renal (kidney) failure
4 Gastritis and Vomiting Enteritis and Diarrhea
5 Enteritis and Diarrhea Diabetes
6 Urinary Tract Infections Diabetes
7 Benign Skin Tumors Colitis and Constipation
8 Eye Inflammation Ear Infection
9 Osteoarthritis Respiratory Infections
10 Hypothyroidism Hyperthyroidism

 

Examination of this list reveals that gastrointestinal upset and allergy symptoms are the two most common maladies bringing pets to the veterinarian. Nearly 30% of the top 10 conditions are related to or exacerbated by diet, diet changes or dietary indiscretions. This highlights the importance of feeding a consistent amount of high quality natural pet food to help avoid gastrointestinal upset and conditions such as pet obesity and dog arthritis. VPI reports that gastrointestinal claims are common each year, however, the marked increase in 2007 indicate that pet owners had heightened awareness this past year which was probably due to the pet food recall.

Drawing from personal experience, I am asked countless times each week, “Would pet insurance cover this?” or “Is it too late to get pet insurance for this problem?” Very similar to insurance for people, once a problem exists in your pet, it may be considered a “pre-existing” medical condition and insurance coverage may be unavailable for that problem. It is best to pre-plan, before your pet gets sick, by selecting a pet insurance policy that best meets your pet’s health needs and lifestyle.

Most pet insurance is property and casualty insurance; however, from a pet owner’s perspective it works much like medical insurance for humans. It helps take the sting out of costly veterinary care by reimbursing pet owners for certain treatments administered by qualified veterinarians. Most basic policies cover medications, x-rays, laboratory and diagnostic tests, surgery, hospitalization, and euthanasia. There are also policies that cover basic preventive care including annual checkups, vaccinations, and fecal examinations. Policies can be tailored to include visits to specialists, homeopathic veterinarians, and even acupuncturists. Although not as popular as pet medical insurance, pet life insurance and pet liability insurance are also available.

The pet insurance industry has grown and improved tremendously in the last few years. There are now several reputable companies with competitive expanded coverage plans to best suit you and your pet’s needs. Annual premiums range from $50 up to several hundred dollars depending on the type of policy and coverage provided. Take the time to research the options available and find out exactly what conditions would or would not be covered for your age and breed of pet. You might even ask your employer to see if pet insurance is offered as an employment benefit as a recent CNBC report revealed that pet insurance is now the third most requested sponsored benefit in the US.

Pet health is important to us and pet insurance allows us to better manage expected and unexpected health care expenses. Can you afford to not be prepared?

Source: Halopets

Why Does My Dog Eat Poop?

Copraphagia (poop eating) is usually a nasty learned habit and not a medical problem. Here are the top reasons why dogs eat poop and what you can do to curb their appetite!

1. Oral fixation habit—puppies (like human children) go through a phase where they put anything and everything in their mouths in order to investigate. Unfortunately, this often includes feces. As dogs mature, usually this habit goes away…but not always.
Vet Tip: encourage oral investigation of toys and other objects. Do not punish or give excessive attention if your puppy does eat feces—this will just reinforce the behavior.

2. Allelomimetic behavior—this is the fancy name for learned behavior. If your dog watches you pick up poop, he can learn to do the same. If his beloved master is doing it, why shouldn’t he…?
Vet Tip: Clean the poop out of the yard when your dog is not around!

3. Attention getting behavior—many dog owners get very upset when their dog eats poop…which means he is getting the attention he desires. Although it is negative attention, it is attention nonetheless.
Vet Tip: Try not to react so negatively when you know your dog has been snacking on his poo. Pretty soon it will lose its novelty and without your attention, many times they drop the behavior.

4. Housekeeping—dogs that are crated, kenneled, or even kept in one room within the house will learn to function as their own housekeeper. In other words, if they poop in their space, they will “clean up” the only way they know how!
Vet Tip: Clean any feces up immediately. If your dog is crated throughout the day, consider hiring a dog walker or someone to come in during the day to clean up.

5. Hiding the evidence—if your dog is reprimanded for pooping (for example, in his crate or other space), he may eat the poop to stop you from finding it and getting angry.
Vet Tip: Tone it down if your dog poops in the cage. Don’t punish the dog or you may have a nasty habit to deal with.

6. Genetics/Instinct—there are some breeds that are “carriers”…they carry poop around and may or may not eat it. Also, if your dog has puppies, she is likely to eat their poop. This is an instinct to hide the poop from predators.
Vet Tip: This instinct usually goes away in a mother dog. Otherwise, the best you can do is to teach the “leave it” command and be a meticulous cleaner!

7. Food problems—If a dog is not getting a nutritionally balanced diet (rare, these days), or eating a poor quality food, they may be eating their poop because of a deficiency. If your dog is eating too little or eating too much, they can also engage in poop-eating.
Vet Tip: always feed a high quality, nutritionally balanced diet in the correct quantities (work with your vet) to maintain your dog’s ideal weight.

8. Medical problems—this is the least likely reason for your dog to eat poop. If a dog is plagued with parasites or problems that cause maldigestion or malabsorption, they may eat poop.
Vet Tip: Have your vet check your dog for parasites and perform a general health check. Remember, if your dog eats poop routinely, they are more likely to acquire parasites and you should have them checked 2-3 times a year.

If all else fails, some dogs respond positively to the addition of fresh pineapple to their food. The natural enzyme in pineapple causes their poop to taste distasteful to them…as if it wasn’t distasteful enough!

Source: Halopets

“Such short little lives our pets have to spend with us, and they spend most of it waiting for us to come home each day.
It is amazing how much love and laughter they bring into our lives and even how much closer we become with each other because of them.”
John Grogan

Dry skin (dandruff) in your pet: common causes and natural remedies

Common causes of pet dandruff

Dandruff or scaly skin may simply be caused by dry, poorly hydrated skin.  This is common as most pets eat dry kibble which is very low in moisture and don’t drink enough water every day—leading to constant mild dehydration.  The skin is very sensitive to dehydration and will readily become dry and flaky in appearance.  When pets develop medical problems (such as allergies, infections and diabetes), the skin is often the first to indicate a change in general health by becoming roughened and dry.  If your pet develops dry skin or a poor haircoat, consider the following possibilities and talk to your veterinarian:

  • Dry skin or lusterless coats may indicate a deficiency or an improper balance of essential fatty acids in the diet.  Pet foods are notoriously low in certain beneficial fatty acids.  Fatty acids are relatively fragile and prone to break-down by overcooking or improper storage of dry food.  Pets on fat-restricted (weight loss) diets may be at increased risk for deficiency.
  • Dry or irritated skin may be an adverse reaction to foods containing artificial dyes, additives and preservatives.  True food allergy to specific ingredients can also cause dry flaky skin.
  • Flea allergy, ringworm, mites, mange, yeast and bacterial skin infections (yes, even in indoor pets!) will often cause itchiness, skin redness and possibly hair loss along with dry scaly skin.
  • Seborrhea is a skin condition that causes a greasy, oily or dry coat with very scaly skin.
  • Hormonal or endocrine problems (such as hyper- or hypothyroidism, cushings syndrome and diabetes), immune problems (such as lupus) and skin cancer (such as cutaneous lymphoma) are much more serious causes of skin flakiness and most often associated with other complaints of illness.

There are many causes of skin flakiness and various tests may need to be performed for an accurate diagnosis.  Most often a skin scrape with microscopic examination at your veterinarian’s office is the first step.  Occasionally hair or dandruff culture, allergy testing, skin biopsy and/or blood tests will need to be performed.

Natural Remedies for dandruff
If your pet is suffering from simply dry dehydrated skin, bathing and dietary recommendations can often resolve the problem quite readily.

  • Bathing—Choose only detergent-free shampoo, like Halo Herbal Shampoo, which contains natural botanical oils and extracts that nourish the skin and coat instead of stripping the skin of its essential oils.  Some pets (notably cats!) are not thrilled with bathing and spray-on conditioners can work wonders for dry skin.
  • Diet—A natural high-quality pet food is recommended to avoid adverse reactions that may be associated with foods containing meat meal, preservatives and other artificial poor quality ingredients.  Canned food should be included as part of a healthy pet diet.  Pets are similar to people in that they rarely drink enough water and live in a state of mild dehydration.  Canned food provides vital water supplementation and is excellent for organ (including skin!) hydration.
  • Supplements—Fatty acid supplements are crucial in all pets with skin conditions.  Fatty acids help eliminate inflammation within irritated skin and help improve skin moisture and suppleness, regardless of the underlying problem.  Many people are familiar with the omega 3 fatty acids, commonly referred to as fish oils.  There are other beneficial anti-inflammatory fatty acids, therefore, I prefer a broader fatty acid supplement such as Halo Dream Coat.  Its combination of six cold-pressed virgin oils (including fish oil) achieves an ideal ratio of anti-inflammatory fatty acids and is a perfect complement to a natural diet.

Depending on your pet’s specific diagnosis, your veterinarian may recommend additional therapies but these natural remedies for dry skin will complement most treatment plans.

Source: Halopets

Animal Shelters – What They Are and Why We Need Them

Most people are aware that animal shelters exist but many people don’t know exactly what a shelter is or why we need them.

What is an animal shelter?

An animal shelter is a facility devoted to the temporary housing and care of homeless and unwanted pets.  Not all shelters are alike.  Some are actually part of local government and supported by tax dollars, whereas others are independent and rely on donations.  Some are actually part of large well-supported national organizations.  Regardless, animal shelters must follow various state and local laws and regulations.

Depending on their budget, shelters vary widely in the adoptive and educational services they provide to their communities.  Shelters require many employees and volunteers and at every shelter you will find staff who dedicate their work to helping animals find loving lifelong homes.

Why do we need animal shelters?

Animal shelters are necessary in the United States largely because of irresponsible pet ownership and uncontrolled breeding.  People often obtain pets without a full understanding of the time, space and money that they require.  Unfortunately, that frequently results in pets being abandoned or relinquished by these owners.  Apart from responsible breeders, owners should spay or neuter their pets to curb the serious overpopulation problem in the United States.

Shelters do not treat or stop the problem of unwanted pets but without them the stray pet population would be astronomical.  There would be more problems with disease spread and an increased incidence of stray animal-induced injuries (bites and scratches).

Limitations of animal shelters

Unfortunately, many shelters have limited resources—space and food particularly—and as such must decide which pets are most likely to be adopted and euthanize others in order to care for the increasing numbers of stray animals.  Although it would be preferred that all shelters function as “no-kill” shelters—shelters where animals are cared for until they are adopted or die of natural causes—this is just not realistic with the current overpopulation problem and demand for space in shelters.

What can you do?

Adopt a pet!—save a life and support a shelter with your adoption fee.  If you are unable to adopt, shelters also rely on generous donations, gifts and volunteers to function.  While donations of money and food are always needed, even donations of toys, blankets, bedding, newspapers or even your time are greatly appreciated.  Contact your local animal shelter to find out what you can do today.  Spread the word about spaying and neutering and responsible pet ownership.

Source: Halopets